14 Sep 2002                   


       Husband: Christian Karl Gottfried RUSS    
          Died: before 1888            
         Event: 1865?                auctioned off his property  1
    Occupation: 1842                 furrier and cap manufacturer  2
        Father: Unknown RUSS 
        Mother: UNKNOWN 

          Wife: Frederika Wilhelmina RUDIGER     Other name Frederika Wilhelmina Sophie von RUDIGER   
          Died: before 1888            
       Resided: 1842                 in Brandis Saxony  
       Resided: 1863                 in Taucha Saxony  
        Father:
        Mother:

     M Child 1: Child1  
     F Child 2: Paulina RUSS  died at age: 24 
          Born: 16 Aug 1839          in Brandis Saxony  3
          Died: 9 Jan 1864           in Leipzig  4
Cause of death:                      died in childbirth - 2nd child  
        Spouse: Karl Edward WINKLER  b. 27 Jan 1833  d. 17 Sep 1900  
     F Child 3: Bertha RUSS  
          Died: 21 Oct 1896            5
        Spouse: Unknown SCHONE  
     M Child 4: Christian Carl Gottfried RUSS  Current name Charles RUSS   died at age: 51 
          Born: 10 Feb 1842          in Brandis Saxony  6,7
      Baptized: 13 Feb 1842          in Evangelical Lutheran Church, Brandis  8
     Emigrated: 1862                 to London via Edinburgh  9
   Naturalized: 17 Feb 1870            10
       Resided: 1869                 in 30 Northampton Sq, Clerkenwell  11
       Resided:                      in 70 New Bond Street London  
        Census: 1881                 at 27 Clifton Hill St John's Wood  12
          Died: 4 Nov 1893           at 27 Clifton Hill St John's Wood  13,14,15
        Buried: 9 Nov 1893           in West Hampstead Cemetery  16,17
       Probate:                      Cheque for 1320 written out  18
    Occupation: 1858                 Furrier: Paris - after Leipzig  19
    Occupation:                      Furrier to Queen Victoria  20,21,22
Cause of death:                      Stroke  23,24
        Spouse: Emily CALLAWAY  b. 29 Dec 1849  d. 3 Oct 1918  
   Family home: 27 Feb 1878          at 27 Clifton Hill St John's Wood  
       Married:  25 Jan 1872         in Albany Street Regents Park  25,26
     M Child 5: Frank Henry RUSS  Census name Francis Henry Russ   died at age: 41 
          Born: 1847                   
          Died: 6 Dec 1888           at 35 Newark Drive Pollokshields Glasgow  27,28
     Emigrated: 1862                 to London with elder brother CCGR  
         Event:                      author of "Skins and Furs"  29
        Census: 1881                 at St Vincent Villa Ventnor IOW  30
Cause of death:                      Disease of Liver; congestion of lungs  31
    Occupation:                      cutter in London  32
    Occupation: 1878                 Furrier in Buchanan St Glasgow  33,34
    Occupation: 1883                 Furrier at 132 Princes St Edinburgh  
        Spouse: Mercy Ann BURTON  Other name Mercy Anne BUNKER   b. 1845  d. 1912  
       Married: 13 Feb 1870          in London  35
   Family home: 1881                 at Auchindale Lenzie Rd Dumbarton  36
   Family home: 1885                 at The Crescent 3 Leslie Road Pollokshields  37

Sources:
(1) DK, 'Carl's father had perhaps urged his son to go abroad [1862], for he had 
fallen deeply in debt and would soon have to auction off his property', 10. 
(2) DK, 'citizen, houseowner, furrier and cap manufacturer at Brandis', 8. 
(3) Ind, Transcription of gravestone. 
(4) Ind, Transcription of gravestone. 
(5) Emily Callaway, Day Book, Mrs Schone having expired on Oct 21st 1896, 88. 
(6) Emily Callaway, Day Book, 'He was born at Brandis, near Leipzig on the 10th 
of February 1842.  The fourth child and second son of Christian Karl Gottfried 
Russ citizen, houseowner, furrier and cap manufacturer at Brandis and of his 
wife Frederika Wilhelmina geb. Rudiger'. 
(7) DK, 'Carl Russ's good friend Carl Muller, a ropemaker seven years his senior, 
...wandering from the town of Taucha, six miles north-east of Leipzig, in 
Saxony, ll the way down to Bavaria and back.  In 1858, at the age of sixteen, 
Carl....the second son of a furrier in Taucha, set his sights a bit higher.', 9. 
(8) Emily Callaway, Day Book, 'baptized on the 13th of the same month and the 
following were his godfathers and godmothers:- 
1, Gustav Arudt - tanner in Brandis. 
2, Eleanor Rost, wife of Karl Rost shoemaker in Brandis. 
3, Friedrich Hansmann junr., ropemaker in Brandis.', from the Register 16 vol 
1842 - certified by the Mayor of Brandis Mr Dobler. 
(9) DK, 'he and an older cousin caught a ship bound for Edinburgh......As family 
lore has it, after the two cousins disembarked, they were walking along and saw 
a sixpence lying on the ground.  They picked it up.  A little farther along, 
they found a half-crown, which they also collected.  'There's money in this 
city,' the cousin said to Carl.  'I'm staying.  You go down to London.'  Russ 
dutifully headed south', MJH: who is the cousin?  Is he the F.H. Russ, furrier 
of Glasgow and uncle to R. Russ Winkler of Russ & Winkler, furriers to the Queen 
of 132 Princes St Edinburgh?, 10. 
(10) Certificate, Passport of 7 Jun 1889 mentions Certificate of Naturalization, 
17 Feb 1879. 
(11) DK, 'By 1869, Russ had settled in Clerkenwell....where he anglicized his name 
to Charles.....leasing a residence and shop on Northampton Square for ten years 
at 50 per year.', 10. 
(12) Census 1881, Dwelling: 27 Clifton Hill 
Census Place: St Marylebone, London, Middlesex 
Source: FHL Film 1341036 PRO Ref RG 11 Piece 0164 Folio 53 Page 19 
		Marr 	Age 	Sex 	Birthplace
Charles REESS	M	39 	M	Saxony
	Rel: 
Head			 
	occ: Master Furrier				 
Emily REESS	M	31 	F 	London 
	Rel: Wife				 
Emily REESS		8 	F 	London 
	Rel: Daur				 
Paullina REESS		7 	F 	London 
	Rel: Daur				 
Edith REESS		5 	F 	London 
	Rel: Daur				 
Charles REESS		4 	M 	London 
	Rel: Son				 
Ernest REESS		3 	M 	London 
	Rel: Son				 
Percey REESS		2 	M 	London 
	Rel: Son				 
Sidney REESS		1 	M 	London 
	Rel: Son				 
Bertha REESS		4 m 	F 	London 
	Rel: Daur				 
Jesse G. GOLLENCOVE	U	21 	F 	Leeds 
	Rel: Serv			 
	occ: General Servant				 
Clara DEERSLEY	U	19 	F 	London 
? DURSELY	Rel: Serv		 
	occ: Nursemaid				 
Mary A. DACELESS	W	57 	F 	Surrey
	Rel: Serv			
	occ: Monthly Nurse. 
(13) Emily Callaway, Day Book, 'my dear husband and our good father died at 27 
Clifton Hill, St John's Wood N.W. on Saturday Nov. 4th at 4:35 pm'. 
(14) Newspaper, from Morgenblatt und Anzeiger - Wed Nov 8 1895: 
"Taucha.  We received the news privately that on Saturday in London Mr Charles 
Russ after a long illness fell asleep.  Our town loses in him one of her most 
successful sons abroad, who preserved for his native town a warm attachment and 
who benefited it by many benevolent acts.  After he went to England Mr Russ was 
a fatherly friend and adviser to the children of Tauscha, and many are indebted 
to him for an esteemed position abroad.  Peace be unto him.". 
(15) Newspaper, from Kurchner-Zeitung, Leipzig 3 Dec 1893 
"Charles Russ, Furrier, London, died suddenly on the 4th of November at the age 
of 51, lamented by his wife, twelve children and numerous friends there and on 
the continent.  The deceased was born at Brandis near Leipzig and left Germany 
shortly after the termination of his apprenticeship in order to go to Belgium & 
France.  Only equipped with modest means he finally came to London where good 
fortune soon followed him.  After he had worked several years as chambermaster 
for City houses he established in 1874 in 70 New Bond St a business of his own, 
which he was soon able to bring to a splendid position.  At the Exhibition of 
Paris 1878 he received the Golden Medal, which is a proof to what ability & 
capacity his house had reached.  The following shows in what respect of private 
life he rejoiced that he was commissioned with the management of the German 
Hospital for one year, as also that he occupied the office of Master of the 
Freemasons Lodge.  For the last 3 years he saw his uncertain health would compel 
him to sell his business through which his family is well provided for, as he 
has left behind him considerable wealth.  Mr Russ is a self made man in the 
fullest signification of the word & can be placed before the eyes of the growing 
generation as a pattern of an active persevering business gentleman.  Peace be 
to him!". 
(16) Emily Callaway, Day Book, '9th November 1893   
The Funeral was decided for & took place on the 9th of November at Hampstead 
Cemetery in a new brick vault, family grave, situated next to our dear little 
Walter's grave in the centre path on the right hand side of the cemetery through 
the chapel.  The service was conducted by Rev Dr Swanson D.D. of 19 Greencroft 
Gardens, South Hampstead, and attended by the widow of the deceased, our dear 
Mother, the four eldest children Lena, Edith, Charles and Emil, Mr Otto George 
Muller of Chemnitz, son-in-law of the above, Mr R Winkler of Edinburgh, nephew 
of the above, Mr Callaway, father-in-law of the above; Mr W.G. Schoof, Mr 
Muhlberg and Mr Bailey, Trustees of Mr Charles Russ' Will and several other 
friends.  After the ceremony the Will was read in the presence of Mrs Russ, 
Executrix and her four eldest children, and Messrs Schoof & Mulhberg the two 
trustees, Mr Robert Bailey of 51 Clifton Hill, N.W. having resigned.  The Will 
was drawn up by Messrs Dod Longstaffe Son & Fenwick of 16 Berners Street and the 
signature was witnessed by Mr Preston, clerk in the late Mr Russ' business', W G 
Schoof - 1881 Census Return: 
"Dwelling:	99 St John St  
Census Place:  Clerkenwell, London, Middlesex, England 
FHL Film 1341077     PRO Ref RG11    Piece 0357    Folio 15    Page 23 
Wm. Geo. SCHOOF	Unmarried  Age  50 	Birthplace  Hensburg, Germany 
Rel:	Lodger (Head)		
Occ:	Watch Springer Maker". 
(17) ABR, Photo of gravestones nos WC234 and 235 West Hampstead Cemetery, Fortune 
Green Road, London N 6 -, 239. 
(18) Emily Callaway, Day Book, '27th November 1893     
A cheque for Probate was written out for 1320 in favour of Messrs Dod 
Longstaffe Son & Fenwick & advanced by the Manager at the rate of 5% Interest 
until it can be repaid'     
'30th November 1893     
Mr Fenwick wrote for a cheque for Estate Duty which we sent on the above date  
437'   
'4th December 1893     
Valuation at market price of Bonds 35,379 - 1 - 2     
Shares in Ships 'John Redhead', 'Carl Rahtkens', 'Fernbrook', 'Baron Clyde'     
Valuation for Probate of 27 Clifton Hill by Higgins & Son 12 Finchley Road, St 
John's Wood, NW  395, 'His account was held at the London & County Bank Hanover 
Square branch'. 
(19) DK, 'He had already worked in Leipzig, one of the fur centres of Europe.  He 
now travelled to Paris', 9. 
(20) DK, 'he set up a shop on New Bond Street.....his furs caught the eye of Queen 
Victoria', 11. 
(21) Fritz Walter MULLER, Genealogy of Muller family, 'After his childhood at 
Taucha he had learned the furrier trade at Leipzig.  Later on he went to Paris 
and then to London where he opened a furriers shop at New Bond Str.  He made 
excellent goods and was soon one of the leading furriers of London.  I have 
admired him always and to this day am thankful to him for having given me that 
polish of education which is so essential in life and which I did not have from 
my parents, being plain folks.   
He was a stout gentlemen and rather stern although kind never the less.  He 
always laid great stress upon good appearance and one of his oft repeated words 
to me was: "Never forget - a top-hat, a clean collar and clean boots make a 
gentleman."  He had bought a nice house, called Clifton Villa at 27 Clifton 
Hill, St. John's Wood, N.W. with a fine garden attached to it where in summer we 
used to sit after luncheon smoking our pipes or cigarettes.  The Russ's lived on 
a rather grand style and always had 2 female servants.  When I came there for 
the first time at Easter 1890 I was a boy of 16 and was greatly impressed by the 
style of living of the Russ family.  On every Sunday they went to church twice 
and no meal was served without prayers and saying grace.  I was always greatly 
pleased when he offered me one of his fine Egyptian cigarettes.  He gave me many 
a hint especially valuable for a boy of 16 and was like a second father to me.  
In 1892 he retired from business and together with his wife and eldest son 
Charles made a trip to Vienna, Venice, Budapest and Dresden.  It was on this 
trip that the first symptoms of his disordered mind were noticed.  After 
returning to London his condition grew gradually worse ending in his death in 
1895.  Just as much as I admired Mr. Russ, I worshipped his wife'. 
(22) R Russ Winkler, Furs and Furriery, (MacNiven & Wallace, 1899), 'The late 
F.H. Russ of Glasgow, in his work on "Skins and Furs", and speaking from his own 
experience, says: "The training of German youths to the trade is very severe and 
trying, and embraces every branch of the art - dressing, dyeing, cleaning, 
cutting, sewing, lining, beating, preserving from moths, and also the selling of 
the goods; thus there is laid a solid foundation, not only of complete practical 
knowledge of the trade, but also of commercial intercourse."  The Germans are 
quick workers, and they supply the demand for workmen from France, Great Britain 
and America; in fact, practical furriery in the British Isles is almost 
exclusively in the hands of German furriers residing in Britain.  Englishmen 
generally look upon the work as unhealthy, an opinion which fur-workers 
themselves do not share', 9. 
(23) Emily Callaway, Day Book, '4th November 1893     
The cause of Mr Charles Russ' death was Cerebral Appoplexy & Coma, as certified 
by Dr William Neale M.D. of 24 Loudon Rd. N.W.   He was fairly well in health & 
bright in spirits up to Thursday evening Nov 2nd when at 10.30 pm he was 
suddenly attacked by paralysis in the right hand and arm, which during the night 
also attacked the brain rendering him unconscious for 30 hours.  He passed 
peacefully away without having regained consciousness'. 
(24) DK, 'Carl suffered a stroke.....at the age of fifty-one, Carl died with his 
son Charles ...by his side', 13. 
(25) Emily Callaway, Day Book, 'He was married January 25th 1872 to Emily 
Callaway at Albany Street, Regent's Park by Rev. Burrows'. 
(26) Certified Copy, Marriage solemnized at Christ Church in the Parish of St 
Pancras Jan 25 1872 - between Charles Russ age 29 Bachelor Furrier of 30 
Northampton Square Clerkenwell -  father Charles Russ Furrier 
and Emily Callaway age 22 Spinster of 51 Park Village East - father Henry 
Callaway Furrier 
Witnesses Henry Callaway and C M Dybdahl [?] - by Licence by Rev H Burrows, 
Certified Copy held by CSF. 
(27) Newspaper, 'SCOTLAND OF TODAY & Edinburgh its capital'  1890  
Mr. F. H. Russ died in December, 1888. 
(28) Certified Copy of Death Certificate, Frank Henry Russ - Manufacturing Furrier 
(married to Mercy Ann Burton) died at 9:35 pm at 35 Newark Drive, Pollockshields 
aged 41.  Father: Christian Karl Gottfried Russ - Manufacturing Furrier 
(deceased)  Mother: Fredericka Wilhelmina Sophie Russ - maiden name von Rudiger 
(deceased). Informant - Ada Russ daughter [residing at 35 Newark Drive] 
(29) R Russ Winkler, Furs and Furriery, (MacNiven & Wallace, 1899), 'The late 
F.H. Russ of Glasgow, in his work on "Skins and Furs", and speaking from his own 
experience, says: "The training of German youths to the trade is very severe and 
trying, and embraces every branch of the art - dressing, dyeing, cleaning, 
cutting, sewing, lining, beating, preserving from moths, and also the selling of 
the goods; thus there is laid a solid foundation, not only of complete practical 
knowledge of the trade, but also of commercial intercourse."  The Germans are 
quick workers, and they supply the demand for workmen from France, Great Britain 
and America; in fact, practical furriery in the British Isles is almost 
exclusively in the hands of German furriers residing in Britain.  Englishmen 
generally look upon the work as unhealthy, an opinion which fur-workers 
themselves do not share', 8. 
(30) Census 1881, Frank H REUSS married age 33 Birthplace Saxony.  Head of 
household - manufacturing furrier, MJH: surmise - he was convalescent. 
(31) Certified Copy of Death Certificate. 
(32) Newspaper, 'SCOTLAND OF TODAY & Edinburgh its capital'  1890 
'The late Mr. Russ, it may be noted, was one of the very finest cutters out of 
London, and in every sense of the word a thoroughly practical man'. 
(33) R Russ Winkler, Furs and Furriery, (MacNiven & Wallace, 1899), 'he must 
gratefully acknowledge his indebtedness to his uncle, the late Mr F.H. Russ of 
Glasgow', Preface. 
(34) Ind, FG: to Glasgow to  Buchanan St - the street for fashion. 
(35) Certified Copy, Evidence from birth certificates of children. 
(36) Census 1881, Dwelling:	Auchindale    Lenzie Rd  
Census Place: Kirkintilloch, Dumbarton, Scotland 
Source:	FHL Film 0203550     GRO Ref    Volume 498    EnumDist 13    Page 
5 
	Marr	Age	Sex	Birthplace 
Mary Ann RUSS	M	36 	F	England 
	Rel:	Wife (Head) 
	Occ:	Furriers Wife 
Ada B. RUSS	U	10 	F	England 
	Rel:	Daur 
	Occ:	Scholar 
Jessie A. RUSS	U	6 	F	England 
	Rel:	Daur 
	Occ:	Scholar 
Angaline E. RUSS	U	2 	F	Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland 
	Rel:	Daur 
Gertrude RUSS	U	4 	F	England 
	Rel:	Daur 
Frank H. RUSS	U	1 	M	Lenzie, Dunbarton, Scotland 
	Rel:	Son 
Jane M. COCHRAN	U	50 	F	Paisley, Renfrew, Scotland
	Rel:	Serv
	Occ:	Sick 
Nurse 
Charlot A. WOTHERSPOON	U	22 	F	England 
	Rel:	Serv 
	Occ:	Nurse 
Mary MC DONALD	U	18 	F	Ruilick, Inverness, Scotland 
	Rel:	Serv 
	Occ:	Table Maid 
Neighbours in Lenzie Road - two houses empty and one still building: this 
suggests Lenzie Road was a new development in 1881 
Monkland Cottage	Henry Hendry	Mason's labourer
Sunnyknowe	Mary McLean	House 
proprietor 
Whitcomb Villa	Alexander Campbell	Writer - inspector of poor 
Pomoma Villa	Donald McQuarrie	Rector Lenzie Academy 
Woodlands Lodge	William Hudson	Domestic gardener 
Inglebank	Isabella Howell	House furnisher's wife 
Post Office Bldgs	Alexander Baird	Merchant 
Glenalmond Cottage	William Page	Agent Trimming manufacturer, Frank Henry Russ is 
not present - and his wife is shown as Head of household.  We know he was at 
Ventnor in the Isle of Wight, probably in a TB sanitorium. 
(37) Certified Copy, from birth certificate of Alfred Rudiger Russ. 

Name Index